In the world of parametricism the dilemma of incorporating Artificial Intelligence in architecture is not something that we would normally consider.
But what is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? And are we, as designers, ready to acknowledge the importance of AI in architecture and design?
In simple terms, AI is smartness/intelligence illustrated by machines or software for any specific tasks. Since working on a Big Data and Urban Design research project last year I have continued to be involved in understanding the importance and the role of artificial intelligence in architecture. It is important to understand the urban spaces concerning various tangible and intangible urban factors such as building heights, road networks, population density, social media impressions, GPS movements and tracks, figure-ground, environmental ambience and colours.
My project – Neural Network Public Places (N2P2) develops artificial intelligence tools to design public spaces by making use of open data in order to provide designers with more qualitative, accurate, and complex tools for design.
By constructing a deep learning network (AI Algorithms), the final design of the public areas takes advantage of data on the use, morphology, and perception of space – in particular the distribution of colour. The design celebrates the distributed, granular, dynamic qualities of digital data which is utilised to generate spatial layouts able to take advantage of and respond to different local and global inputs, environmental concerns, and the requirements of residents. Computation is deployed to ground design, enhance people’s voice in shaping public spaces, and harvest cultural data about the built environment.
N2P2 aims at redefining the experience and design of public spaces in the age of artificial intelligence.
The success of this design and research project made it to Exhibition at the Pompidou Centre, Paris, under the theme of Simulated Intelligence. My project was displayed and showcased amongst other elite artificially intelligent projects such as Melting Memories by Refik Anadol, Morpheus by Zaha Hadid and many more esteemed projects.
It is a fact that very soon architecture will shift its design paradigm to computational measures where buildings and spaces respond in ways beyond human cognition. The design methodologies will cater to parameters which can understand human patterns and can reciprocate for a more technological living experience.
Design decisions will be made based on human biases and limitations; technologies will help us better understand social dynamics, materials, structural systems and formation processes which in turn will influence how we articulate our built environment.
By Piyush Prajapati, Architect